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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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Chief Justice Shrestha Reminded Judges and Stakeholders of Non-Amnesty for Serious Rights Violations

11 April 2024, Kathmandu: Delivering a keynote speech in a judicial dialogue, Right Honorable Chief Justice of Nepal Justice Bishwamber Prasad Shrestha reminded justice sector actors of their roles to provide effective remedies to victims of serious human rights violations.

Opening the judicial dialogues on 9 April 2024 jointly organised by Judges Society Nepal, International Commission of Jurists and Advocacy Forum-Nepal in Dhangadhi, Chief Justice Shrestha told judges and other stakeholders about the jurisprudence that the Supreme Court has established in rejecting amnesty for serious violations. He also talked about requiring victims' and stakeholders' participation in the process of developing a legal framework for transitional justice (TJ), recognising reparation as the rights of victims, and the TJ system not replacing the regular justice system.

While providing international standards and global perspectives on TJ, Dr Mandira Sharma, Senior International Legal Adviser for the International Commission of Jurists, highlighted how the original understanding of TJ as the alternative to prosecution is changing over the years to embrace a holistic notion that includes not only truth-seeking but also prosecution, reparation and guarantees of non-repetition as well as memorialisation.

She also highlighted how the development in human rights law, humanitarian law, and international criminal law shapes and informs the evolution of transitional justice processes and mechanisms and victims' rights to effective remedies. Dr Sharma also provided a brief update about the ongoing TJ process in the country.

Justice Til Prasad Shrestha from the Supreme Court of Nepal clarified that no law has prevented the regular courts from reviving the adjourned cases of the armed conflict pending in the courts and settling them. He also shared examples of Maina Sunuwar and Dekendra Thapa cases revived and settled by the regular court. He committed the SC's support and assistance in addressing the challenges judges face in reviving cases related to the armed conflict and said that the safety of the judges shall be ensured.

The chair of the Special Court, Justice Tek Narayan Kunwar highlighted the consolidated jurisprudence produced by the Supreme Court of Nepal that guides the judges in delivering justice in conflict-era cases.

Judges discussed challenges in investigation and evidence collection in conflict-era cases and suggested some revisions in the Evidence Act and procedure for cases involving serious human rights violations.

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