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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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International Day of Women Judges Marked with Judicial Dialogue

11 March 2024, Kathmandu: Advocacy Forum-Nepal (AF), in collaboration with the Judges' Society Nepal (JS) and the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), organized a judicial dialogue programme on the occasion of the International Day of Women Judges on March 10, 2024. Sitting and retired women judges in Nepal's judiciary shared their experiences during the programme.

Speaking at the event, Supreme Court Justice Sapana Pradhan Malla stated that 11.38 percent of the judges in the country are women, which is an encouraging number compared to the past but still not up to the mark. She further mentioned that sustaining young women's involvement in the judiciary is challenging.

Awani Mainali, a district court judge, emphasized the importance of discussing the judiciary's role in addressing women's concerns. She lamented that even the second National Action Plan (NAPII) has not addressed the problems faced by victims of sexual violence.

Sharing her experiences in the judiciary, High Court Judge Yamuna Bhattarai mentioned that her male colleagues have sought her opinion regarding women's issues. She added that this tendency underscores the importance of women's representation, especially in decision-making positions.

High Court Judge Tek Narayan Kunwar attended the programme as a guest and emphasized the importance of having women in leadership positions in the judiciary, as this can ensure the rule of law and inclusivity.

During the floor discussion, the first female justice in Nepal, Sharada Shrestha, shared her experiences of being the lone female judge for a long time. She lamented that she was not trusted in the court because of her gender and suggested that the same challenges may persist even today.

Nepal's first female Chief Justice, Sushila Karki, mentioned that the concept of women in the judiciary and judiciary for women was introduced in 2022. She shared the difficult experiences of women in balancing work and family and commended all the female judges who broke barriers to reach their current positions.

Supreme Court Justice Saranga Subedi stated that the judiciary is not yet female-friendly, but she has drawn inspiration from all the senior female judges and persevered to become a part of the apex court.

Participating judges, including Gita Shrestha and Sita Sharma Adhikari, discussed the importance of maintaining the privacy and dignity of female accused during hearings.

International Day of Women Judges was observed globally for the first time in March 10, 2022. It is celebrated to acknowledge the invaluable roles of female judges across the globe and contribute to the global endeavour of fostering gender equality and tackling issues of gender-related judicial integrity.

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