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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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AF Observed the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture (26 June) 2022

26 June 2022, Kathmandu: Commemorating the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, Advocacy Forum- Nepal (AF) organized a series of interaction programs in Biratnagar, Janakpur, Pokhara, Butwal, Nepalgunj, Surkhet, and Kailali. Facilitating the programs, AF lawyers and provincial coordinators elucidated AF’s interventions in regard to human rights and the rule of law at the national and international levels. While organizing the events, AF collaborated with the various concerned stakeholders of criminal justice such as the Nepal Police, National Human Rights Commission, victim groups, and human rights organizations.

Major issues raised during the discussions were the implementation of the Penal Code 2017, the challenges of detention facilities, the protection and promotion of human rights of the detainees, and the ways to end impunity relating to torture cases. The following were the key highlights of the discussion.

  • The Penal Code 2017 criminalized torture for the first time in Nepal but has not been used as extensively as envisioned, to prosecute the cases of torture since its enactment. Overall, the following were the major issues discussed in the programs:
  • The overcrowding of the detention centres, lack of documentation of medical examination, age verification of the detainees, and lack of proper infrastructure and sanitation among others are the main problems in the detention facilities, which have hindered detainees’ access to justice.
  • The causes of custodial deaths in Nepal need to be researched well and the State should take responsibility to investigate such cases, by forming an independent and impartial investigation mechanism.
  • Training on human rights should be provided to law enforcement agencies and the police authorities who refuse to register First Information Reports (FIR) of torture victims who need to be made liable for denial.

The program concluded with the stakeholders’ commitment to draw the attention of the local and provincial governments toward the reform of detention centres and to take necessary initiatives in amending the provisions regarding torture in the law.

Similarly, AF released an annual report on torture titled Custodial Deaths in Nepal: Towards a Framework for Investigation and Prevention." This year's report focuses on patterns of deaths in police, prison, army, and juvenile detention institutions since the new Penal Code came into operation in 2018. For the report, please kindly refer here.

Since its inception, AF has been actively working in challenging impunity and promoting accountability in cases related to torture and ill-treatment in Nepal.

The program was generously supported by DKA Austria.

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