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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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Advocacy Forum-Nepal together with other Human Rights Organizations submitted Memorandum to Nepal Government to Ratify the Rome Statute

17 July 2021, Dhanusha: On the occasion of the International Criminal Justice Day, Advocacy Forum-Nepal and other human rights organizations jointly submitted a Memorandum to the Honorable Prime Minister through District Administration Office, Dhanusha urging Nepal Government to ratify the International Criminal Court’s founding treaty i.e. the Rome Statute. 

The human rights organizations remind the  Government of Nepal of the importance of ratifying the Rome Statute as it coagulates in fulfilling Nepal’s commitments made at various international forums along with addressing the deeply entrenched culture of impunity in the country. The Rome Statute endows individual criminal responsibility on international crimes such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, and crimes of aggression and guarantees victims’ right to justice. The Statute will also serve as a tool to dissuade parties to the conflict from committing the heinous crimes that have been committed in many conflict situations in the past. Rather than restricting the jurisdiction of national courts, the ratification will help create a conducive environment to combat impunity. For the promotion and protection of human rights, the ratification of the ICC Statute is a must, says the human rights organizations.

Through the memorandum, the human rights organizations also remind the Government of Nepal of the proposal passed by the reinstated House of Representatives on 25 July 2006 concerning the ratification of the Rome Statute of ICC, as well as, the recommendations received by Nepal from several United Nations (UN) the Member States to prioritize ratifying the Rome Statute in all the last three Universal Periodic Review cycles (2011, 2015 and 2021). 

Up until now, more than 123 States have acceded to the Statute worldwide. South Asian countries like Afganistan, Bangladesh, Maldives have already ratified the Statute.

Hence, the human rights organizations urge Nepal Government to immediately initiate efforts for the ratification of the Rome Statute in order to ensure accountability against international crimes and to uphold the rule of law in the country.

For the full text of the memorandum, please see: Memorandum to Prime Minister via DAO, Dhanusha

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